The purpose of this case study is to review the community engagement aspects of Kuranda Envirocare’s long term (10+ years) frog monitoring project of our Kuranda area endemic endangered rainforest stream breeding frog – Litoria myola. The citizen science project is monitoring population size and density in various creek breeding sites, and is now part of an overall Kuranda Tree frog Action Plan to ensure the survival of this endemic. In collaboration with Dr Conrad Hoskin, an evolutionary biologist with a passion for frogs and other amphibians, this project is being managed on the ground by Envirocare members who hold a similar passion for frogs. The challenges of creating and maintaining community engagement with a long term monitoring project are discussed. Participating stakeholders are community members, overseas and local volunteers, interested organisations, landholders and land managers.
Litoria myola (male), Warril creek – Rhys Sharry 2017
Frog encounters as context
The Kuranda tree frog was encountered in 2000 by Dr Conrad Hoskin, an evolutionary biologist, employed at ANU. The differentiating mating calls from the Litoria myola (not yet named) , led Conrad to investigate the possibility of this frog being another species identical in appearance to Litoria serrata or Common green eyed tree frog. After a period of investigation including genetics and laboratory breeding , Litoria myola was formally identified as a separate species in 2007, officially listed on The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008 as an endemic, critically endangered, rainforest stream breeding frog,( also listed as endangered under The Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999) in 2010 (and reconfirmed in 2018) and Qld Nature Conservation Act (1992) in 2015 under Wildlife Regulation Schedule 2.
These listings are due to the Kuranda tree frog’s restricted rainforest habitat range within a human disturbed landscape, with rural residential and urbanised catchments threats. There is little protected land within its habitat range and less than an estimated 700 individuals. It breeds in 12-14 permanent creeks and a number of seasonal creeks in the Myola Valley, within a 4km2 area, stretching up to 10kms west of Kuranda and including several creeks in the Kuranda township of 1500 residents.
Yearly surveys had been performed by Dr Conrad Hoskin in the area since 2000. Surveying of male mating calls was determined to be the most effective way of assessing population density and size. Generally the call rate is highest in peak breeding time of February March during the flooding part of the wet season and between 7pm and 10pm in the evening.
The male frogs are detected spending most time near the breeding riffle sections of the creeks where a sufficient border of riparian rainforest or regenerating vegetation exists for foraging and protection during the daytime. Females have been detected up to 100m from these streams in riparian rainforest and regenerating rainforest where they forage, visiting the stream approx. once per year for breeding purposes. As well as a requirement for diverse terrestrial habitat, stream breeding rainforest frogs require a high water quality for breeding, with shallow riffles behind rocks providing protection for the clutches of eggs, mostly predated by fish.
The highly disturbed and human impacted catchments of these 12-14 creek systems present a high threat of sedimentation and other pollutants. In particular sediments smother the rock riffles reducing safe egg areas and covering the fine algae which the tadpoles feed upon. There is variability of rainfall in the area, where wet season rainfall is driven by the seasonal presence of cyclones, where some streams are ephemeral during the “wet” while others run almost permanently for several years after higher than average rainfall, where the Barron River into which these creeks flow, is in flood and creek waters back up over the main creek breeding areas, allowing predatory fish such as tilapia to access the breeding sites because of heightened river and creek levels. This also presents a threat to the population density of particular sites.
Kuranda Envirocare is a not for profit Landcare group of volunteers who run a native plant nursery and regular tree planting activities, plus other conservation activities of a general community awareness raising nature.
The discovery and eventual official listing of an endemic critically endangered frog species (Kuranda tree frog) in 2008 captured the imagination of some members and other stakeholders who have a fondness (or even passion) for frogs and were aware of the biodiversity hotspot that existed in the Kuranda area, making it a “special place”. There was also the faunal extinction crisis in Australia which was starting to concern conservationists . A conservation advice notice created with the listing was reviewed, and one of the executive members of Envirocare, who worked for the Dept. of Environment at the time, arranged a meeting with Dr Conrad Hoskin to discuss what could be done to ensure the survival of this newly listed endangered species.
A review of the conservation advice with Dr Conrad Hoskin identified fragmented habitat along the Barron River as a key threat, isolating creek populations of Litoria myola and the key opportunities to be pursued – that of raising community awareness of the endemic frogs existence, and a long term monitoring project to track changes in population given the potential threats in the upper catchments of almost all the breeding creeks. Kuranda Envirocare sought continued funding for their enhancement of the Barron River riparian corridor to link creek populations in 2008, 2010 and a 5 year project 2012-2017 (see Connecting Corridors project case study). Funding came to kick start a monitoring project through a small grant from Mohamed bin Zayed Foundation for Threatened species in 2013 , which focussed on collaboration between scientists and a community organisation, effectively a citizen science initiative between Dr Conrad Hoskin and Kuranda Envirocare. A further project to raise the profile of good conservation ethics and awareness through a Land for Wildlife (Greening Australia) type education project funded by a Federal Government Caring for our Country grant in 2014.
As a small regional community, somewhat remote from a major city, Kuranda Envirocare members considered what could be done practically and locally on the ground to make a difference for the environment and to highlight the issues of the faunal extinction crisis across the world. The catch phrase “Think Global, Act Local” seemed to embody our thinking and from a practical view point most people can only take on ground action locally. Our organisation is primarily focussed on practical on ground outcomes and most conservation issues were too large and remote for concerned local individuals to get involved except via surveys and petitions. A communications plan, including key messages, was developed by a Masters Student for Kuranda Envirocare, for the Kuranda tree Frog awareness campaign and this led to a commitment by Kuranda Envirocare to focus their activities for a period on improving outcomes relating to the frog conservation advice notice and to understand the conservation needs of this new local endangered species. It became apparent that an over arching strategic plan for their conservation was required to focus scarce resources in the most effective manner.
This has led to further applications and successful grants, one through Landcare Australia to develop a Kuranda Tree Frog Action Plan, published in 2018, since the Federal government was not developing any further specific recovery plans for threatened species nor funding them except for those 70 species or ecosystems on the Threatened Species Strategy priority list. Another revegetation project funded through the State Government in 2018, focussed on supporting the WTMA Yellow Crazy Ant eradication program at the Russet Park site which incorporates a Kuranda tree frog breeding creek.
The aim of the monitoring project is to assist with the survival of the Kuranda tree frog by the regular monitoring and assessing of factors which may be contributing to the decline or increase in population. This is achieved via call-recording at selected sites where the frog populations exist, using trained volunteers to monitor sites on a monthly basis.
The primary objective of the monitoring project was to provide more monitoring records across a number of selected sites, across all seasons of the calendar and rainfall profiles in an attempt to assess the size and density of the frog population at point breeding sites. There were 6 creek sites deemed suitable or important and this has been expanded to 9 as threats, access to sites and community interest has increased.
The secondary purpose was to provide a stream of data which we assumed could show changes in the frog population. Analysis of those population changes against variability of rainfall patterns, changes to breeding habitat conditions and to water quality might show materialisation of the threats in the creek catchments as noted in the conservation advice notice.
The third purpose was to engage the community in a conservation activity which had scientific outcomes and would provide an opportunity to educate and encourage an understanding of the elements required for good healthy riparian habitat to support frog and wildlife in general.
The immediate question to be answered was what is the status of the population size and density around point sites throughout the year (monthly recordings) and how does this vary under weather conditions for Litoria myola and Litoria serrata when compared to other common rainforest frogs of the area.
The immediate goal was to provide call recording data every month across the year, for the six (now 9) nominated creeks, recording creek water flow, wind, cloud cover, temperature, recent rainfall impact and moon phase. All primary recordings were of calls for Litoria myola, L.serrata and another 6 common frog with two other endangered frogs included as previously present in the area.
Previous records prior to 2013 had relied on the availability of Dr Hoskin to survey the sites at appropriate intervals and this had fallen away to once per peak breeding period during the wet season.
Stakeholders for this project were Kuranda Envirocare executive, the community, interested Herp groups, other conservation volunteer organisations and Dr Conrad Hoskins. Conrad provided the scientific support and
Prior work of a similar nature
Despite researching via the internet and discussions with Dr Conrad Hoskin no similar monitoring program could be found in 2012 when we were designing the monitoring program. Kuranda Envirocare had not undertaken such a project before but we determined through discussions that there were sufficient enthusiastic volunteers and that there was such a high conservation need that we could commence. There are now a number of citizen science projects published on the internet which could be instructive.
The greatest threat caused by visiting monitoring multiple sites was the risk of spreading chytrid fungus, a fungal disease which has decimated many frog populations around the world and has led to the extinction of a number of upland frog populations in Australia and elsewhere.
The design of the monitoring and the six sites were chosen with this in mind, to eliminate contact with creek water and to only monitor sites which were easily accessible from a road. This was important given the regularity of the site visitations) and the desire to use this monitoring project to further engage and educate the community using citizen science. By creating an activity for community involvement in the science, it provides an opportunity to educate, to demonstrate concern, care and ultimately support for the protection of the species via environmental elements which ensure the survival of this species and other rainforest frogs.
Location scale and extent
The extent of the Litoria myola population is marked in yellow and the majority of the breeding sites within this area are within 400m of the Barron River. This encompasses 12-14 creeks and several more ephemeral creeks. The population is spread over about 10kms and covers about 4km2 of area. Approx. 40% of the population is in a creek flowing through Kuranda urban area with 1 acre blocks in much of the upper catchment. Approx. 30-40% of frogs are in two adjacent creeks and 10% of the population occur on one large private property approx. 1km away from the Barron river. There are hundreds of landholders adjacent to tributaries of these creeks flowing to the Barron.
The breeding sites are almost exclusively within 300-400m of the Barron River and this area on the southern side of the river is heavily dissected with a road corridor controlled by the local Mareeba Shire council and a rail corridor easement within this, managed by Queensland State owned QRail. Activities being undertaken to keep road and rail infrastructure maintained has a high impact on the amount of sediment being deposited in these breeding sites.
Extent (in yellow) of Litoria myola population within the Barron River Myola valley west of Kuranda
Key Goals and issues
Establishing the Frog monitoring project
In 2012 after many discussions between Dr Hoskin and the Envirocare executive, the frog monitoring project was established in 2013 when a small grant was received from Mohamed bin Zayed Foundation for Threatened Species.
A training workshop was devised by Conrad with a powerpoint presentation, including training on the target species frog calls and a field trip afterwards to do an actual monitoring session.
To make it simple for volunteers to learn the calls required and to capture data on single page A4 sheets, Conrad devised a simplified list of species to be tracked and simple climatic and stream characteristics to be captured. The sheets were self explanatory but a trained person attended several monitoring sessions with a new monitor until the new monitor was comfortable with the frog call identification in the field. Each monitoring session was set at 10 minutes with a 2 minute settling in time, sitting in the dark with lights out, at a tape marked monitoring point.
All this made it possible to complete the monitoring at one site in 30 mins including travel to/from homes around Kuranda. The design required a trained site monitor for each of the six sites and an admin support to collect the filled in sheets for collation to a central results spreadsheet. The sheets were to be retained as backup for the dataset.
Engaging the community
It was necessary in this community, with a high level of university educated residents, to establish the bona fides of the program by having Dr Hoskin conduct the first monitoring training sessions and be present when the first community members volunteered to be site monitors. Also a Facebook page and website pages were established and people were invited to the page in advance of the first training event.
Although penetration of social media (mostly Facebook) in our area was relatively low, we advertising the first event through a series of Facebook posts shared across other stakeholder organisations such as Terrain NRM and the Wet Tropics management Authority (WTMA) plus the local Kuranda community pages. More direct emails to our email list of members and “friends”, plus physical posters on noticeboards (including the supermarket of nearby regional towns) and notices in the local Kuranda paper were also employed, including specific individual invitations. A radio interview with Dr Hoskin and an article in the regional weekly papers also assisted to spread the word and build interest. We had over 40 people attend the first training workshop.
Each month we post our weekly monitoring on the Facebook page, send out emails to our “frog” contact list and text those who prefer that method of contact. We report regularly on any interesting sightings or frogging events on our Facebook page plus in our local Kuranda paper and occasionally our regional papers. Sometimes we get 3 or 4 participants a month, sometimes 8 to 10 and occasionally only the site monitors are available to go out.
Demonstrating frog monitoring recording with Gregory Andrews, Threatened Species commissioner 2015
Yearly training sessions have been established and feedback is given on the results of monitoring. These workshops are run by Kuranda Envirocare members to support community interest and provide those who attend monitoring occasionally to attend these sessions as a refresher. On several occasions we have managed to coordinate Dr Conrad Hoskin to attend the sessions, on his yearly visit, or to present additional information sessions on such things as the evolution and genetics of this species. Stakeholder organisations such as WTMA and Terrain have continued to promote our monthly monitoring and yearly training workshops on request as do we through the channels mentioned above. For the last 5 years we have had a minimum of 25 people attend our presentation, training quiz and field training trip. Often they are newcomers to the area and so awareness of the frog is being refreshed through the community.
Enthusiasm was a key characteristic to being part of the monitoring team and we had 8 volunteers from our first training who were willing to become site monitors to cover our first six sites and so several paired up for support. No technical skills were required, just sharp hearing and eyesight were required. The expectation of the monitoring team was that they would be self sufficient volunteers with experience in on ground monitoring, although not really necessary, and with sufficient knowledge from the frog call training to be able to identify the calls required to be recorded. Also that they could self manage. Audio recorders were also purchased for the project and lent out to capture recordings of unfamiliar frog calls and sent to Conrad for further identification. The third week of the month was quickly established as a good week to align all the monitoring on but that it was not necessary for all site monitors to attend their site on the same night and if they could not do their site that they would contact others to arrange another monitor to ensure coverage of all sites.
Capturing the actual results
It quickly became apparent within the first year that the primary site monitors were mostly women and that safety at their monitoring site was a concern for their family. In addition several sites were on or near the road and posed noise distraction and road safety issues at a couple of sites. Other issues arose relating to the timely return of sheets and the notification of missed site monitoring activity. The process of reminding site monitors of monitoring week and entering data into the central data sheet was taken on by the Kuranda Envirocare executive.
It also became apparent that additional frogs were calling at some sites besides those required to be captured on the simplified sheets and that the frog identification training should cover more of these frogs since our attendees were also coming from further afield than Kuranda or were hearing a number of other frogs common to the area but not stream breeding frogs which was the target frog set for the monitoring.
Results and outcomes for the project to date
Our experience and results record will be included in a paper by Dr Conrad Hoskin in 2019 and so we are keeping our findings general until then. Most of the frog populations monitored have been steady or building. One population’s sharp decline since 2000 seems to relate to alteration of creek flow and cause investigation is ongoing.
Monitoring frog calls project just part of the picture
Initially the aim of the monitoring project was to capture the status of the frog populations at point sites on size creeks to hopefully provide early detection of threats to the frog population, to detect changes in the ratios of Kuranda tree frog and their speciation ancestor Litoria serrata and to hopefully record increases in Kuranda tree frog population, as we proceeded to improve terrestrial habitat with tree planting. This remains the aim but as the monitoring project proceeded, we were concerned about the quality of the water running through several creeks in the most urbanised area of Kuranda. We commenced water quality monitoring using simple measures then borrowed equipment and have several years of data. Eventually this broke and after 3 years of attempts we have finally received funding to replace the equipment.
Now as the project passes its fifth year of data capture, it has become clear that more information needs to be captured regarding water quality and other threats such as uncontrolled soil erosion from development activity, council activity and increased ground water take from uncontrolled bore fields, especially in light of the massive eco resort proposed on a large tract of private land containing up to 10% of the frog population and possibly affecting up to 50% of the entire population.
Possible local evidence that revegetation can, over time, support expansion of the population
A mega resort proposal for the establishment of a new township centre and residences on a large tract of rural land, affecting 3 frog breeding creeks, was approved as a State controlled referral for development and the required EIS process has produced a great deal of scientific focus on the waters of these creeks and their inhabitants. Dr Conrad Hoskins was contracted to provide a detailed context survey of the Litoria myola and Litoria dayii populations as they relate to the mega resort proposal property.
On one of these creeks, whose major catchment is almost entirely on this property, a remnant frog population of approx. 10% was able to survive in uncleared forest below a swampy area, about 1 km from the Barron river. The most recent survey by Dr Conrad Hoskins has shown that the population on this creek has extended up and down the full length of the waterway, clustered where suitable breeding riffles exist. The water quality in this creek catchment is extremely high as it enters the area of rainforest clearing for farming (reported in the EIS for the Kur World development 2018). The water quality is also high in most of the other frog breeding creeks with a good rainforest vegetation canopy now shading the creek waters, an important aspect to improving water quality.
There is always something more
Additional threats have arisen at several sites since this project was designed. Invasive ants namely Electric ants (little fire ants) and Yellow crazy ants have been found at or near 3 of the monitoring sites. In each case we have sought information on the age of these infestations in order to gauge possible impacts on the nearby frog breeding population. Infestations are being managed by Qld Biosecurity and WTMA respectively. At one site the ants have been deemed eradicated but for two others impacts could be on going. Results analysis for the 5 years of data should reveal an increasing or steady population at these sites and this is analysis is underway.
Inspiring and strengthening the involvement with volunteers and general public
It’s vital to have several champions for such a project so it can be maintained into the future. Finding the volunteering model which will work over time needed consideration and indeed the model needed adjustment as volunteers come and go over a long term project such as this. For example, initially we allocated each site to one of 6 volunteer site monitors, but after 6 months it became apparent that this model was proving problematic. This, despite each site only requiring a 30-minute visit once per month. Proximity of volunteers’ houses to the site and site proximity to other noise sources such as roads, played a big role in continued participation. Also given the activity was at night, female site monitors were reluctant to do the activity on their own, requiring a friend or partner to be involved, thus requiring coordination on their part as well. As well, the use of site monitors of differing experience, especially in differentiating the calls of Litoria myola and L.serrata did produce some inconsistent results in the first year.
We have progressed now to a stable model of offering a group of interested people a night activity where we visit 2 or 3 sites per night. This is offered three or four times per week in the monitoring week to cover all sites (now 9) and requires several dedicated site monitors, one available each night to lead the monitoring sessions. All this amounts to 12 to 15 hours per month plus some admin time to process results sheets.This provides a consistent set of results as we teach volunteers to listen for the calls then review the calls together as they come in over the 10 minute period. One male site monitor continues to survey his site on his own, as this suits him. Others cover his site when he is unable to so and this provides some consistency across his site monitoring . We also now capture the site monitor leader or scribe and will progress to capturing both in the next 5 year period. Review of the sheets has become easier as sheets are scanned or photographed and sent so apparent inconsistencies can be discussed soon after capture within a day or two. We are constantly seeking new site monitors to join our experienced group and are starting to attract students and enthusiastic professional ecologists.
There appears to be a shortage of wildlife night time walk and talks in the region, which is effectively what we provide to first time participants, and news of the value of this (being free and interesting) has spread through our network of NRM organisations, our local university channels plus our facebook posts. There is also more talk and action with citizen science project activities relating to the Great Barrier Reef and because of our proximity to Cairns this could be having a trickle down effect on our project .
We have embraced and promoted the latest technology, first the frog I.D app of Dr Hoskin et al (for iphone) and more recently, the free Frog I.D app from Australian Museum at our monitoring sessions , at our workshops and on our facebook pages. These apps are useful to review frog calls heard to confirm call identification and in the case of the Frog Id app, unknown calls can be sent to the Australian Museum project staff for identifiction. We try to extend partnerships by supporting more regional or national events, such as the National Frog week by Australian Museum. We regularly send recordings and received promotional material as new exciting prizes for top scorers in our frog call training quiz.
Stakeholders have expanded to include: JCU Sustainability Club (through members), Conservation Volunteers of Australia and our local Steiner school.
Monitoring frog calls project just part of the picture
As always information from one project leads to another and as focus and understanding increases so the bigger picture emerges and further required actions become clear.
A 50 strong party of Interested and concerned experts from government, council, natural resource NGOS, scientists, independent contractors and the community meet in a workshop to brainstorm the elements and a working group of volunteers compiled the Kuranda Tree Frog Action Plan 2018-2023 to provide a strategy for ensuring the survival of the species.
Hopes that revegetation can, over time, support expansion of the population
The rainforest clad headwaters of the creeks which flow to the Barron have been severed, with old growth rainforest clearing for pastoral land use approx. 100 years ago. This is now giving way, in the past 50 years, to natural and human assisted rainforest revegetation as farming proved unviable and subdivision into rural residential blocks occurred allowing restoration processes to start on mostly vacant blocks. In one creek instance , native rainforest restoration of 10-15m width has occurred along the majority of the creek bank either via community plantings on rural residential owned blocks from approx. 15 years ago, or natural regeneration on rural land only lightly grazed by few cattle for the past 40 years.
On several other creeks on the northern side of the Barron river, the frog population is confined to the first 100 metres which has a regenerating rainforest cover despite both upper catchments of these creeks being feed by intact rainforest clad uplands which form part of the Wet Tropics World heritage. The intermediate land has been cleared of rainforest vegetation, replaced with pasture grasses and is currently used for cattle grazing.
One of these creeks has been included in the monitoring project and shows a stable population of about 20 individuals, spread over 3 breeding points. There is sufficient local evidence to support the hope that by extending riparian revegetation into these cleared areas that the frog population on these creeks may be extended.
Kuranda Envirocare launched the strategic Kuranda Tree frog Action Plan in Nov 2018 after a collaborative community effort over 18 months. Here is an indication of the significance of the species from a scientist viewpoint and the need for such a program in a quote from Dr Conrad Hoskin at the launch:
“The Kuranda Tree Frog is found right up against the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area but very little of its distribution is formally protected. It is generally found on private land and the community is the key to its survival. This Action Plan is led by the community and contains practical actions for the short and long-term protection of this species and its habitat. It is a major step forward in the conservation of this important species.
The Kuranda Tree Frog is an example of evolution in action and has become an internationally recognised example of how a population can adapt to its environment and form a new species. It is also an example of a highly localised species that needs urgent conservation attention. Impacts to a few populations in one small area impact the species as a whole. With such a small distribution there is very little buffering. Enabling ownership of the frog and its future by the community, government and other local stakeholders offers the most positive future for this species. This species is also an umbrella species for other species in this area because limiting impacts on streams and forest to protect the frog, and improving the quality of these habitats, will also benefit many other local species, including the Cassowary, Myola Palm, and Lacelid Frog.".
Local MP’s, councillors, local indigenous rangers, government staff and community at the Action Plan launch Nov 2018
With our Kuranda Tree Frog Action Plan we now have a pathway for those who wish to follow on with this conservation effort so that it does not rely on a few individuals but is available to all. We are hopeful that local people in this somewhat “special” community where the environment is valued (it was listed as one of the top three issues in the MSC Community Plan 2012) will take sufficient actions to conserve the habitat and ensure the survival of this endemic species, given information about it significance, a strategic action plan and established partnerships. This author believes it is being demonstrated across Australia that we could change the fate of this species and the trajectory of our current Australian faunal extinction crisis, with some support from government programs. The key is an inspired and enabled community. Special thanks to Dr Conrad Hoskins inspiration in spades.
Handing ownership to others
Currently this project relies heavily on the support of the Kuranda Envirocare executive. It is the authors belief that this project and the Action Plan needs to be passed into the hands of interested parties in the community, with the possible establishment of an independent organisation such as Friends of the Kuranda Tree Frog or some such, apart from Kuranda Envirocare.
Vital partnerships for maintaining the purpose and capacity of the overall project
Most monitoring takes place on public land, however, human activities in the upper catchments impacts on breeding sites in the creek mouths so engagement with landholders as stakeholders on frog creeks is vital. We envisaged, and were funded for, an ongoing program similar to Land for Wildlife; we called it Kuranda’s Frog Friendly Neighbourhood. This needs to be extended to cover all properties adjoining a breeding creek with an education program for all those landholders and the offer to revegetate or rehabilitate creek sections in need of enhancement. Funding may need to be sought for the larger projects.
Partnerships are being established with other key stakeholders such as Queensland Rail, as their rail corridor intersects 9 frog breeding sites and their asset maintenance regimes can impact these sites quite heavily. The same applies to the Mareeba Shire council, whose roads infrastructure maintenance impacts 8 breeding sites. These partnerships can produce positive outcomes for the frog populations. The community commitment shown to the monitoring project provides the potential for these organisations activities to change where they negatively impact on frog populations and to show measurable results.
Implementing the Kuranda Tree Frog Action plan
A yearly report on the progress against the implementation plan is planned , along with an implementation plan containing aspirational timelines.
This project has spawned a number of initiatives all flowing on from the original $3,200 allocated to the monitoring project. It costs little ongoing money to run this monitoring project but there is a much larger cost in time for community engagement and how this project results modifies the overall strategy for ensuring the survival of the species .
Conrad Hoskin 2008. Litoria myola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136003A4225804.
EPBC Conservation advice notice for Litoria myola
Corroboree Frog Conservation monitoring
Kuranda Envirocare website http://www.envirocare.org.au/frog-monitoring-project.html
Facebook page – search for Kuranda’s Frog Friendly Neighbourhood
Frog research sheds light on evolution – Sciencewise managazine (archived website source) April 2019
Evolution and genetics of Litoria myola Kuranda Envirocare Youtube channel April 2019
Developing the Kuranda Tree Frog Action Plan April 2019
https://youtu.be/8utNlRtXvDU (3mins) Workshop participation
https://youtu.be/FoYVNqehwZM (2:45 mins) Now it’s up to the community
https://youtu.be/yWOFp-M5rBU (3 mins)
Kuranda tree Frog Action Plan 2018-2023
Kur World EIS Chapter 8, Appendix 5 - Appendix G Dr Conrad Hoskins report on Litoria myola
Monitoring sheet example